South Bend CSO Long Term Control Plan Optimization: Comparison of Grey-Only vs. Grey-Green Infrastructure Least-Cost Solutions

This paper presents the methodology and results of the South Bend Combined Sewer Overflow
(CSO) Long Term Control Plan Optimization project completed during 2011 and 2012. The
project showcases innovative planning techniques and smart technology which enabled the City
of South Bend to determine least-cost solutions to achieve complex planning objectives.

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